The Indian constitution prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex and empowers the government to take special measures in its favor. Women's rights under the Constitution of India primarily include equality, dignity and the absence of discrimination; in addition, India has several statutes governing women's rights. Indian women are only slightly more likely than Indian men to say that there is a lot of discrimination against women in the country (24%). In general, opinions on gender discrimination do not differ much — if any — among respondents of different ages or educational levels.
Amid the continuing problem of violence against women in India, the survey asked respondents if, to improve the safety of women in their community, it is more important to teach boys to respect all women or to teach girls to behave appropriately. Christians, despite being the religious group most likely to declare that there is a lot of discrimination against women in India, had the lowest rate of women who personally reported being discriminated against because of their gender (9%). The Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen has estimated that there are more than 100 million missing women around the world, women who would have existed if they had received medical care, medicines and nutrition similar to those of men. At the upper limit, women in Jammu and Kashmir and Assam recorded the highest levels of personal gender discrimination last year (35% and 32%, respectively), while women in Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh were among the least likely to say that they had experienced discrimination personally because of their gender (7% and 6%, respectively).
It revealed that young, educated, modern women in India continue to face pervasive gender inequality and often internalize conservative attitudes toward women's social roles. Indians who say that religion is very important in their lives are more likely than others to say that teaching children to respect all women is crucial to improving women's safety (52%). Many women described being groped; according to her, almost all of Nayaran's interviewees had experienced inappropriate touching. Women are somewhat more likely than men to say that teaching children to respect all women is the most important way to improve women's safety (53%).
However, approximately a quarter of Indians (26%) take the opposite position, leaving the responsibility for violence against women to the women themselves.