In general, Latin America is understood to consist of the entire continent of South America, in addition to Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean islands, whose inhabitants speak a Romance language. The peoples of this large area shared the experience of conquest and colonization by Spaniards and Portuguese from the end of the 15th to the 18th century, as well as the independence movements of Spain and Portugal in the early 19th century. This is an alphabetically ordered list of countries in Latin America. See also Central America; North America; South America; West Indies (the Caribbean); Latin American art; Latin American architecture; Latin American dance; Latin American economic system; Latin American literature; Latin American music.
Despite the fact that 12 countries share the South American continent, they are very different from each other. For example, there are 9 Spanish-speaking countries in South America; the other 3 countries have Spanish speakers living there, but Spanish is not their official language. Take a look at the 12 countries in South America and how they differ. South America contains 12 countries and 2 dependencies.
Its total population exceeds 433 million. Brazil is the largest and most populous country in South America, while the British-controlled Malvinas Islands (Malvinas Islands) are the least populated and the smallest. The vast majority of South American countries speak Spanish, although the official language of Brazil is Portuguese, French Guiana is French, Suriname is Dutch, Guyana is English and Malvinas Islands is also English. Here are some brief notes on countries and dependencies in South America.
Like Bolivia, Paraguay is also a landlocked country. Its population is approximately 7 million, most of which is urban. The largest city and capital of Paraguay is Asunción. The most common indigenous peoples in Paraguay are the Guaraní, although the majority of the country's population is of mixed descent.
The Paraguayan economy is still very underdeveloped. Agriculture is the largest sector of the economy. Paraguay is also rich in hydroelectric energy. Peru is located on the Pacific coast of South America, in the northern half of the continent.
In general, the country consists of three geographical regions, including the Andes Mountains, the coast and the Amazon rainforest region. Peru has a population of more than 33 million inhabitants, most of whom live in cities. The largest population center is the country's capital, Lima, where approximately 7.7 million people live. Spanish is the most widely spoken language in the country, however, two indigenous languages, Quechua and Aymara, also have many speakers.
Quechua was the language of the pre-Columbian Inca civilization, whose heart was in Peru. Several Inca sites, such as Machu Picchu, are found in the country. Uruguay is a small country in southeastern South America, on the Atlantic coast. It is located between Brazil, to the north, and Argentina, to the west.
The country has a population of approximately 3.5 million. About a third of Uruguayans live in the country's capital, Montevideo. The overwhelming majority of Uruguayans are of European descent. Uruguay's economy is heavily dependent on exports, of which beef is the most important.
The British-controlled Malvinas Islands are located off the south coast of Argentina. In fact, Argentina claims the islands as its own, and in 1982, it invaded them, only to be expelled by British forces. The islands consist of two main islands and several smaller ones. The population of the British dependency is approximately 3,500 inhabitants, making the Falklands the least populated territory in South America.
Approximately two-thirds of the inhabitants of the Falkland Islands live in Stanley, the territory's capital. These wars of independence were intended for Latin America to create new nations and break with the empires that controlled them, just as the United States separated from Great Britain in the 1770s. The Spanish empire explored and colonized most of Latin America, although other empires had a great influence on the people who settled there. Latin America is located in the western hemisphere of the world and is made up of Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
With the discovery of the New World at the end of the 15th century by European explorers, Latin America was one of many regions colonized by the empires in power. This lesson introduced Latin American countries and their capitals and other information about Latin America. Meanwhile, Latin American countries tried to maintain peace with the rest of the world and maintain their independence. There are 33 countries in Latin America, including Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Panama, Belize, Haiti, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Trinidad %26 Tobago, Bahamas, Barbados, St.
There are many territories and dependencies of other nations that are considered part of Latin America. The United States feared that Latin American nations would be influenced by Soviet communist ideals and took steps to address these threats. In total, there are 33 countries in Latin America, according to the United Nations, each independent and with its own capitals. But how many countries are there in South America and what languages do the citizens of each country speak? Keep reading for a list of South American countries and territories, as well as important information about each.
An easy way to think about where Latin America is would be to identify the Spanish, Portuguese and French speaking countries south of the United States. Economically, Latin America has developed more slowly than the countries of Europe or the United States and Canada, but in recent years an economic boom has helped shape many Latin American nations and bring them into the digital age. During the 19th century, Latin American nations were inspired by freedom movements taking place around the world and began to fight for their own independence. .