Latin America came to fruition in the 1500s after the “European discovery of the New World”. Countries such as Spain, France and Portugal colonized the region. Although most of Latin America was colonized by Spain, the countries of Portugal and France also had a great influence in the region. Because of war and disease, native populations were decimated.
European countries' demand for free labor led them to participate in the African slave trade. Millions of Africans were brought from Africa, which made the African diaspora so prominent in Latin America. At the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century, the people of Latin America began to fight for independence. By 1898, all Latin American countries had become independent nations.
There are 33 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean today, according to the United Nations. The full list is shown in the table below, with the current population and the subregion (according to official United Nations statistics). Mexico is the largest and most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world, with a total population of approximately 129 million people and a total area of 1,943,950 m2.Km, which also makes it the second largest country in Latin America. Mexico is a federal state similar to the U.S.
UU. In fact, its official name is United Mexican States. The country has 31 states in total, plus the capital, Mexico City. Mexico has a rich history and culture, including ancient civilizations such as those of the Aztecs and the Maya.
The ruins of ancient sites such as Chichén Itzá, Palenque and Teotihuacán are popular tourist attractions today. In fact, Mexico has become a mecca for tourists, many of whom flock to the country's tourist cities, including Cancun, Puerto Vallarta and Acapulco. In addition to tourism, Mexico's main economic activities include manufacturing and exporting oil and gas. Mexico is a country of very rich people and very poor people.
In fact, the country has the second highest degree of socio-economic disparity among the 34 countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The people of Mexico are a mixture of many cultures, including the pre-Columbian indigenous people and the descendants of Spanish settlers. Many Mexicans, especially in southern Mexico, still speak indigenous languages. There is a great division in the country between those with colonial heritage and those with indigenous heritage.
The southern part of Mexico, where most people are of indigenous heritage, is significantly poorer and less developed than the north. All but one of these countries, Belize, have Spanish as their official language. Guatemala is the most populous country in Central America, with a population of around 17.9 million, while Belize is the least populated, with approximately 397,000 people. Unfortunately, the region has earned a reputation for violence and poverty.
The situation is particularly serious in what is known as the Northern Triangle of Central America, which consists of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. In recent years, an average of around 265,000 people a year have left the region to escape the seemingly endless cycle of violence and poverty. Many try to reach the U.S. There are a total of 13 countries in the Caribbean.
The most populous country in the Caribbean is Haiti, where about 11.4 million people live. Not far behind is Cuba, which has a population of 11.3 million. Cuba is also the largest country in the Caribbean, with an area of 106,440 square meters. The total population of the Caribbean nears 44 million.
Most Caribbean people speak Romance languages. Spanish is spoken in the countries of Cuba, the Dominican Republic and the United States. French is the dominant language in Haiti, as well as in several overseas territories of France that are in the Caribbean. English and Dutch are spoken in the rest of the Caribbean countries and territories.
Another language known as Creole, which is a mixture of European languages and languages of African descent, is spoken throughout the Caribbean and has several dialects. In economic terms, the Caribbean is best known for its tourism sector, although not exclusively. The Bahamas, for example, has a strong financial services sector. Jamaica's economy relies heavily on remittances from Jamaicans living abroad, and the countries of Cuba and the Dominican Republic are still famous for their cigars.
Spanish is the official language in all the countries mentioned, except in three, Brazil, Guyana and Suriname. Portuguese is the official language of Brazil, while French is the official language of the French overseas territory known as French Guiana. English and Dutch are the official languages of Guyana and Suriname, respectively. The Malvinas Islands, which geographically form part of South America, are a British overseas territory, so English is the official language there.
In addition to the Spanish and Portuguese spoken by the vast majority of South Americans, millions of people in South America also speak indigenous languages. One of these languages is Quechua, which is spoken by those of Inca descent. The Inca Empire, which existed in parts of present-day Peru, Bolivia and Chile, was possibly the largest pre-Columbian civilization in South America, known for building famous monuments such as Machu Picchu. Indigenous people continue to number millions in South America.
The rest of the continent's population is of European, African, Asian or mixed descent. In total, there are more than 433 million people living in South America. Brazil is the largest and most populous country in both South America and Latin America as a whole. It has a population of approximately 212 million and a total area of 8,358,140 m2.Brazil also has the largest economy in both South America and Latin America.
In fact, the country has the ninth largest economy in the world. Brazil is the largest country in Latin America and is the third largest country in the Americas, behind only Canada and the United States. The fight for prizes received a big boost in Latin America when the Cuban “Kid Chocolate” began his career, and when Luis Angel Firpo, the Argentine “Wild Bull of the Pampas”, almost knocked out Jack Dempsey. Brazil also has important industries and over the next decade it could well become the main manufacturing nation in Latin America.
Since the Spanish and Portuguese element occupies such an important place in the history of the region, it is sometimes proposed that Ibero-America would be a better term than Latin America. Above all, these twenty countries are strongly nationalist and do not consider themselves Latin American at all, but as Mexicans, Peruvians, Cubans, Costa Ricans, etc. While Latin American countries such as Chile and Argentina enjoy healthy economies and high human development, many other Latin American countries are still developing and have corresponding challenges to overcome. Millions of Latin Americans are not likely to buy or sell goods worth one hundred dollars a year.
Much of Latin America's industrial development was made possible by the billions of dollars of capital that Europe and the United States invested in Latin America. However, Latin America is not favored by readily available coal or hydropower resources, so its industry will always have to overcome major obstacles to achieve maximum growth. This European and Japanese immigration, when added to the already diversified racial structure of Latin America, helps explain why generalization can hardly be made about the people of Latin America. Argentina, one of the largest countries in Latin America in terms of land area, covers more than 2,780,400 km² (1,073,518 mi²) and is among the countries with the greatest biodiversity on Earth.
Located very close to the southernmost point of Latin America, Argentina shares borders with Chile to the west (and south); with Bolivia to the north; and with Paraguay, Brazil and Uruguay to the east. In fact, European civilization in general was more appreciated by upper-class Latin Americans than our culture. . .