South America has diverse agricultural products, great mineral wealth and abundant fresh water. The continent's economy is focused on the export of natural resources. In the post-Cold War world, Latin America and the Caribbean have become more important than ever. The dynamism of the region's cultures, its prodigious agricultural capacity and its vast energy reserves have made the region's place in the world community more significant than at any time since the colonial era.
It is a continent of incredible biodiversity, home to the great Amazon River and the rainforest, as well as the Pantanal wetland system. It also has the highest waterfall in the world (Angel Falls), the longest mountain range (the Andes) and the driest desert (Atacama). Today, South America is home to citizens of Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, the Falkland Islands, Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia and Paraguay. Another important indicator of South America's political and financial future is its efforts to minimize the effects of climate change.
The South American continent also includes several islands, many of which belong to countries on the continent. At the end of the 20th century, Rock in Spanish emerged from young hipsters influenced by British pop and American rock in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay. Brazil and Mexico alone rank among the top 10 countries with students studying in the United States with around 16,000 and 15,000 respectively, compared to 200,000 in India and 52,000 in South Korea. The Biden administration is well positioned to seize the moment and present a new vision of participation in the Summit of the Americas, which will be organized by the United States next year.
The first evidence of the existence of agricultural practices in South America dates back to around 6500 BC. C. As Brian Winter, editor of Americas Quarterly, has pointed out, the talk of a “lost decade” also prevailed at the beginning of the century, just before the dramatic takeoff in the 2000s that transformed so many regional economies and societies. South America has a total area of approximately 6,878,000 square miles (17,814,000 square km), or approximately one-eighth of the Earth's land surface.
This large gap can be seen in many large South American cities where makeshift shacks and slums sit next to high-class skyscrapers and luxury apartments. The large elevation range produces an unparalleled diversity of climatic and ecological zones, which is probably the most prominent feature of South American geography. The importation of African slaves represented a major change in the cultural landscape of South America. It is the southern part of the land mass generally known as the New World, the Western Hemisphere or simply the Americas.
The boom in agriculture and the subsequent emergence of permanent human settlements allowed for the multiple and overlapping beginnings of civilizations in South America. Although the northern part of South America extends north of the Equator and four-fifths of its land mass is within the tropics, it also reaches subantarctic latitudes. Because Mexico and Central America share an Iberian heritage with almost all of South America, this entire region is often grouped under the name of Latin America.