The United States helped right-wing Nicaraguan politicians and their organizations in their efforts to increase internal resistance to the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) and create paramilitary potential to accentuate their determination to effect changes in the policies of the Nicaraguan government. In the years leading up to World War I, the governments of the United States and Mexico competed for political influence in Central America. The government intervened more directly in Nicaraguan affairs in two separate, but related incidents, in 1911 and 1912, with the goal of ensuring the rule of a government friendly to the United States,. Political and commercial interests and preservation of political stability in Central America.
Although officials in the administration of President William H. Taft saw himself stepping in to ensure good governance, and many Nicaraguans were increasingly alarmed by what appeared to be a foreign takeover of their political, banking, and railroad systems. During his administration, Zelaya had won several enemies, including disgruntled members of his Liberal Party, his conservative opposition, the United States,. Government leaders such as Knox and the Guatemalan government, which provided covert support in some of the early stages of the revolt against Zelaya.
Knox initially intended to remain neutral, but kept several navy ships stationed off the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua. The consul in the Nicaraguan port of Bluefields provided more open support to the rebellion, in contravention of Knox's instructions. Knox saw an opportunity to intervene directly when two Americans,. Citizens who served as officers of the rebel army had been captured and executed by Zelaya's forces.
The Marines landed on the Caribbean coast and the rebellion won more and more victories against Zelaya. After rebel leader Juan Estrada's forces seized Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, Knox agreed to recognize the new government, provided that the U.S. UU. Processing demands from US enforcement officers.
Citizens were met, along with demands to hold elections in the next six months and to establish a commission to settle claims for property damage during the revolt. Although Estrada had come to power, his control over the Nicaraguan government was unstable and his many rivals were also aspiring to the presidency. Realizing the need to further protect the U.S. Dawson as a special agent in Nicaragua.
Dawson quickly assessed the Nicaraguan political situation and realized that if elections were held, Zelaya's liberals would win. To avoid a liberal victory, Dawson convinced Estrada to form a constituent assembly to elect Estrada as president. Subsequently, the Nicaraguan government agreed to a US agreement,. Loan, a new constitution, the abolition of monopolies and yielded to the previous demands that the United States had made to the new government in exchange for its recognition.
However, implementing these agreements would be difficult because of their unpopularity in Nicaragua. Meanwhile, Estrada's political rivals succeeded in replacing him with his vice president, Adolfo Díaz. The representatives signed a treaty on June 6, 1911, which included the U.S. Government and private banking approval for the position of customs collector.
In a second short-term loan agreement, the general collector was appointed by a consortium of banks and approved by Knox. Díaz also effectively ceded control of the Nicaraguan national railway company to a United States company,. However, the 1911 treaty was not ratified by the U.S. Senate: as many senators were increasingly opposed to the Taft Administration's connections to large corporations.
Although Taft and Knox saw EE. Actions in Nicaragua, such as an attempt to overthrow a dangerous dictator and avoid local mismanagement of finances, caused considerable nationalist concern in Nicaragua. A second intervention in 1925 would trigger a persistent insurgency led by Augusto Sandino. The Sandinista National Liberation Front, which dominated Nicaraguan politics in the 1980s and waged its own counterinsurgency against the Contras during that time, is named after Augusto Sandino.
In this 1978 video, presenter Jim Lehrer pressures a commander of the Nicaraguan National Guard to face accusations of human rights abuses by the Nicaraguan military. .